In what condition a being is in:

VAI Verbs

Mii o'ow akeyaa ji-aabajitooyan Ojibwemowin ge-ni-dazhindaman ezhi-ayaad awiya.
 
Verb Animate Intransitive (VAI) verbs describe a condition or action a Living Being is in the act of being or doing.

Examples: hungry, sick, happy...

VAI CHARTS

VAI Preterit (+) (I had been hungry when...)
VAI Preterit (-) (I had not been hungry when..)
VAI Dubitative (+) (I must be hungry.)
VAI Dubitative (-) (I must not been hungry.)
VAI Preterit Dubitative (+) (I must be hungry.)
VAI Preterit Dubitative (-) (I must not been hungry.)

A-form

Direct Expression

You see that a person marker is added and they take different forms like Ni- and Nim-. It will depend on whether or not the Verb starts with a Vowel or a Consonant.

Nimbakade= I am hungry

Gibakade= You are hungry

Bakade= The living being is hungry

Nindaakoz= I am sick

Gidaakoz= You are sick

Aakozi= The living being is sick

Niminwendam= I am happy

Giminwendam= You are happy

Minwendam= The living being is happy

B-form

Indirect/Supportive Expression

You see that a person marker is added to the end of the verb.  1st person -yaan, 2nd person -yan, and the 3rd person -d.  You will notice with verbs ending with "m" it changes to an "n" with and added "-g" for the 3rd person. B-form are for contributing statements such as; When, If, That, So....

Bakadeyaan= When I am hungry

Bakadeyan= When you am hungry

Bakaded= When the living being is hungry

Aakoziyaan= When I am sick

Aakoziyan= When you are sick

Aakoziyan= When the living being is sick

Minwendamaan= When I am happy

Minwendaman= When you are happy

Minwendang= When the living being is happy

C-form

Action to Noun

You see there is Initial Vowel Change (IVC) and a Bform person marker is added to the verb. This type of verb use expresses the Noun version of a Verb.

Bekadeyaan= I am the one that is hungry 

Bekadeyan= you are the one that is hungry

Bekaded= the living being is the one that is hungry

Ayaakoziyaan= I am the one that is sick

Ayaakoziyan= you are the one that is sick

Ayaakoziyan= the living being is the one that is sick

Menwendamaan= I am the one that is happy

Menwendaman= you are one that is happy

Menwendang= the living being is the one that is happy

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Niin

Ni ___

Nim ___

Nin ___

(N)ind ___

 

 Niminwendam 

 Nindaakoz 

 Nimbakade 


Giin

Gi ___

Gid ___

 

 

 Giminwendam 

 Gidaakoz 

 Gibakade 

Wiin

By default, Ojibwe Words are already in the 3rd Person

 Minwendam 

 Aakozi 

 Bakade 

Niin

 ___aan 

___yaan 

 

 Minwendamaan 

 Aakoziyaan 

 Bakadeyaan 

B-form


Giin

 ___an 

___yan 

 

 Minwendaman 

 Aakoziyan 

 Bakadeyan 

Wiin

 _(m)ng 

___d 

 

 Minwendang 

 Aakozid 

 Bakaded 

Niin

 (IVC) ___B-form

 

 Menwendamaan 

 Ayaakoziyaan 

 Bekadeyaan 


Giin

 (IVC) ___an 

 (IVC) ___yan 

 

 Menwendaman 

 Ayaakoziyan 

 Bakadeyan 

Wiin

 (IVC) _(m)ng 

 (IVC) ___d 

 

 Menwendang 

 Ayaakozid 

 Bekaded 

A-form

C-form

I am...

A-form

Screen Shot 2020-07-30 at 2.12.45 PM.png

if, that, when I AM...

B-form

niin vai b pos.png

I am the one that is...

C-form

niin vai c pos.png